Anatomy of a Viking Battle Axe

vikingská sekera

In this instructional guide, we will break down the key components that make up this iconic weapon and explore its features in detail. Understanding the anatomy of a vikingská sekera is essential for appreciating its historical significance and mastering its effective use in combat.

  1. Blade: The blade is the heart of the Viking battle axe, responsible for its cutting power and lethality. Pay attention to the following aspects:
    • Shape: The blade is single-edged, with a sharp cutting edge on one side and a flat or slightly curved backside.
    • Material: High-quality iron or steel is used to forge the blade, ensuring durability and strength.
    • Length: The blade’s length typically ranges from 15 to 25 centimeters (6 to 10 inches), striking a balance between power and agility.
  1. Haft: The haft, or handle, is the grip that allows the wielder to control the axe. Follow these guidelines for a well-crafted haft:
    • Material: Choose sturdy wood like ash or oak to create a reliable and robust handle.
    • Length: The haft’s length should be approximately 75 to 100 centimeters (30 to 40 inches) for comfortable wielding and proper balance.
    • Carving: Carve the haft with a contoured grip to ensure a firm and ergonomic hold during combat.

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  1. Socket and Tang: The socket secures the blade to the haft, ensuring stability and preventing dislodgment. Follow these steps for a secure connection:
    • Length: The socket should be long and narrow, extending along the haft for enhanced stability.
    • Attachment: Carefully fit the blade into the socket, ensuring a snug and secure fit for a durable assembly.
    • Tang: Some Viking battle axes have a tang that extends through the haft, further reinforcing the connection between the blade and handle.
  1. Beard and Toe: The beard and toe are distinctive features of a Viking battle axe, contributing to its unique appearance and functionality:
    • Beard: The beard is the lower part of the blade, extending below the haft. Create an aesthetically pleasing and curved beard to add character to the axe.
    • Toe: The toe is the opposite end of the blade, located at the top. Design the toe with care, balancing aesthetics and practicality.


Understanding the anatomy of a vikingská sekera is crucial for appreciating its design and mastering its use in combat. By paying attention to the blade, haft, socket, tang, beard, and toe, you can create a powerful and authentic representation of this iconic weapon. Whether for historical reenactments or as a display piece, your Viking battle axe will embody the spirit of the fierce warriors from the North.

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