When you work with a sewing machine you often see that you have all kinds of options to set certain stitches on the machine. But also in certain tutorials or pattern recommendations, people sometimes talk about “stitches” and that you have these in all shapes and sizes.
The stitch is the way in which the threads in the machine are woven into each other, but also at what distance, in what tension, and whether they have to take on a certain shape. These stitches are very important because you will have to choose a certain stitch depending on the fabric you use and the effect you want. The length and width of the stitch is also important here. If you do not do this properly, it may be that your stretchy fabric can suddenly no longer be stretched or that the seams of your suit will jump apart during the middle of the day. Also there is the Overlocking Thread for your use.
Types Of Stitches
There are dozens of types of stitches, some of which are even for one type of sewing machine. In general, however, there are a dozen stitches that everyone should know, of which there are two that you use the most: the (triple) straight stitch and (stitched) zigzag stitch.
The others are especially useful in specific situations, but it is still important to know about their existence. It may be a bit boring to learn about the various stitch types, but it is also a good time to get to grips with this basic information before you start working full of enthusiasm. Having this knowledge beforehand can save you a lot of stress and misery and make your life a lot easier.
The tack stitch is not a stitch that you actually use for securing parts or making seams. This stitch is mainly meant for loosely stringing together certain parts to see whether you have used the correct dimensions and parts fit together well. The stitches are made at large intervals and long lengths and often also put by hand instead of a sewing machine. Sometimes they are also used for making ruffles.
(Triple) Straight Stitch
The straight stitch is actually the “standard” stitch. With this you will do most sewing work of all fabrics that are not stretchable. Here you make stitches in a straight line without interruptions. A variant of this is the triple straight stitch. Basically, this is the same but grabs it wider and with more thread. This makes the whole stronger and is therefore often used in places where you need a strong seam.
Straight Stitch With Double Needle / Twin Needle
Technically, this is not a separate stitch, since you use a normal straight stitch, but when you use a so-called twin needle, you get a different effect. Namely at the top of the fabric there is the two straight lines but at the bottom a zigzag stitch. This gives you a professional zoom without having to directly use a lock machine or overlock stitch. Pay close attention to the foot that you use and the length and width settings of the stitch (more about that later) and most importantly that your stitch is set to straight stitch, so not to zigzag. Then you just sew as you always would.